A new Environmental Protection Agency law that will require utilities to disclose information about their carbon emissions has sparked widespread controversy.
The law, dubbed the Clean Power Plan, is the result of years of public debate over the risks of climate change.
But critics say it will do little to combat climate change and could put a new generation of polluters at the mercy of utility operators.
Here are the names of the law’s main provisions.
The Clean Power plan: The Clean Power Rules were one of President Donald Trump’s signature campaign promises and the most sweeping environmental law in the nation.
It aims to curb greenhouse gas emissions from coal-fired power plants by imposing stricter standards on the use of new technologies such as renewable energy and nuclear power.
The rules will affect all states and require all utilities to publish data on carbon emissions from their power plants, which will be used to determine how much they can charge for power.
Critics of the rules say it could harm the environment and encourage other industries to develop new technologies to make power more efficient.
The bill also requires utilities to pay a price for emissions, and some states have proposed raising their own emission standards to pay for the rules.
The law will also require utilities that fail to meet its standards to sell excess power back to the public for use at reduced costs.
It’s expected to raise more than $1 trillion for utilities.
The goal is to help communities struggling with air and water pollution and improve health, the EPA said in a statement.
New pollution rules: States have proposed a slew of new pollution standards in response to the law.
The state of New York is expected to impose limits on the number of miles of power lines that can be connected to the grid.
Other states have passed laws requiring utilities to provide more information about pollution sources and how they impact the environment.
A federal court in Washington, D.C., will hear arguments this week on whether the Clean Water Act should be reauthorized to apply to waterways.
Environmental groups and some state legislators say the rules would have the effect of regulating all Americans’ air and ocean health.
But environmental activists say the EPA is taking a more expansive approach than the Clean Air Act.
What’s the plan?
The plan would also create a National Clean Power Planning Council, an advisory panel to help regulators identify which pollutants are most harmful to the environment, and a National Institute for Standards and Technology.
The new legislation requires utilities, including electric companies, to submit their plans to the EPA by June 30, 2020.
The new laws could have broader effects on states.
The EPA is expected use the new laws to review existing emissions standards for the electricity sector, and it is also considering rules that would force the state to provide an estimate of the amount of greenhouse gas pollution that a particular power plant emits.
The agency could also use the power laws to expand pollution limits on certain sources of natural gas, which is being used in fracking operations in the Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania and the Bakken shale in North Dakota.
Other environmental regulations: New rules are expected to require utilities, for example, to increase the amount they emit of mercury, lead, arsenic and other chemicals that cause lung cancer.
A new rule for air pollution would ban certain kinds of ozone pollution and limit the amount people can discharge into the air.
And the new rules are also expected to mandate the construction of “clean zones” on the U.S. mainland to reduce air pollution.
Critics say these rules would give utilities more power to set pollution limits that would disproportionately affect poor and minority communities.
They say the Clean power plan and other rules, especially the Clean Stream rule, will hurt communities that depend on clean water, food and other essential services. Read more: